Trikonasana: Root and Expand

When I think of B.K.S. Iyengar, I think of Trikonasana (Triangle Pose). Early in my practice of Iyengar yoga Trikonasana was somewhat of a nemesis.

I was very flexible in the early days of my asana journey, but not all that strong. Standing and strengthening poses didn’t feed my ego the way that flexibility poses did. Fortunately, with the help of several of my core teachers—Donna Farhi, Mary Dunn and Pujari Keays—I’ve come to appreciate the simultaneous stabilizing and expanding effects of standing poses, including Trikonasana.

Trikonasana: Stabilizing and Expanding

Three years ago, Donna Farhi held a workshop here titled “Spinal Integration.” In the workshop she spoke about why standing poses are the “bread and butter” of B.K.S. Iyengar’s teaching and practice, especially in cases when the low back—where the kidneys reside—is compromised.

Here is what she said:  “You can work indirectly into the axial skeleton (the spine, skull and pelvis) through the appendicular skeleton (the limbs). The reason the standing postures are so powerful in this regard is that many of the poses keep the spine in a relatively neutral position. That is, the posture is not in and of itself demanding to the back. Yet in that neutral position one can move force from the ground through the legs into the spine, in the same way that water moves through a hose. When the impulse from the legs is transferred clearly into the pelvis and then into the spine, the impulse itself acts to open and clear the spine, in the same way that a high-pressure flow of water can clear a blockage in a hose.”

Trikonasana teaches us how to ground and expand simultaneously. In Trikonasana, we root deep into the earth and align ourselves to create a conduit for the energy of gravity.

In my experience, Trikonasana is energizing precisely because a neutral spine, along with straight arms and legs, supports a continuous flow of energy throughout the body. Using your imagination, you may be able to visualize Trikonasana’s star-like shape: your head, tail, arms and legs radiating out from your center. When your limbs are in a position of continuity and your spine is neutral, the vital organs can rest easily inside your skeleton, allowing them to receive the energetic impulse from your legs.

Tips for Triangle Pose

  1. Begin by standing on a nonskid mat with your legs one leg-length apart (three to four feet, depending on the length of your legs) and your feet parallel. Turn your right leg out 90 degrees so that the center of your thigh, knee and ankle are aligned with each other.
  2. Turn your left foot in (toward your right foot) about 30 degrees. This turn-in is necessary in order for the ankle, knee and thigh to align with each other. While grounding through your left foot, begin turning your left hip inward until you feel a connection between the left sit bone and left heel, and your left foot feels solidly grounded.
  3. Please note: This instruction is different from the way this pose is most often taught—to keep the hips aligned with each other on the horizontal plane. Over the years I found that keeping my hipbones aligned destabilized my sacroiliac joint, which led to sciatica and other painful problems. Letting the hip turn inward alleviates these issues, for me and for my students. In addition, in the traditional alignment, the back leg cannot ground as deeply as it can when my left hip turns inward. This places the skeleton in its most efficient position, allowing the muscles to relax along the bones.
  4. In one sweeping motion, lift your arms forward and up so that they extend out in front of you at shoulder level, and then open them out to the sides with your palms down. Ground your back leg as you extend your torso out over your right leg, tipping your pelvis to the right along with your spine.
  5. Place your hand on your right leg, a yoga block or the floor, depending on where you can reach and still maintain a neutral spine. Your chest, abdomen and face should face forward. This is essential to reaping the therapeutic benefits of a neutral spine that Donna explained.
  6. Take five to ten deep breaths, allowing your body to oscillate around the movement of your breath. You may turn your face to look up in your last couple breaths, but only if this doesn’t hurt your neck. To come out, ground your left foot and allow your torso to rise up to vertical. Turn your feet back to parallel and rest a few moments to feel what happened in the pose. Repeat on the other side.

When you practice asana, remember that your body is 70 percent water. Your cells are both filled with and surrounded by fluid, allowing for infinite movement possibilities. Make sure that your expression of Trikonasana is not hard or static. Stay soft, mobile and suggestible to support your vital water element.

YogaUOnline contributor Charlotte BellCharlotte Bell began practicing yoga in 1982 and began teaching in 1986. She was certified by B.K.S. Iyengar in 1989 following a trip to Pune. In 1986, she began practicing Insight Meditation with her mentors Pujari and Abhilasha Keays. Her asana classes blend mindfulness with physical movement. Charlotte writes a column for Catalyst Magazine, and is the author of two books: Mindful Yoga, Mindful Life and Yoga for Meditators, both published by Rodmell Press. She also edits Hugger Mugger Yoga Products¹ blog and is a founding board member for GreenTREE Yoga, a non-profit that brings yoga to underserved populations. A lifelong musician, she plays oboe and English horn in the Salt Lake Symphony and the folk sextet Red Rock Rondo whose 2010 PBS music special won two Emmys.

Recent articles


Upcoming courses

Yoga for
every body

How to Avoid the Top 3 Pitfalls of Forward Bends

With Julie Gudmedstad

Recent articles


Sorry, You have reached your
monthly limit of views

To access, join us for a free 7-day membership trial to support expanding the Pose Library resources to the yoga community.

Sign up for a FREE 7-day trial