Ahimsa: Use Yogic Principles to Practice Nonviolence
As you practice mental nonviolence, notice how it brings in more desirable thoughts. That alone will bring in happiness, satisfaction, clarity, pure joy and bliss. So how about cultivating some mental nonviolence in our lives?
The first of the eight limbs in the yoga philosophy is the yamas. Yamas serve as moral, ethical, and societal guidelines to lead a conscious, honest, and ethical life. Practicing yamas allows for the development of all the other subtle practices. The first of the five yamas is ahimsa (nonviolence). Ahimsa refers to non-harming or non-injury toward self and others.
Himsa, in Sanskrit, means violence, which is defined as the intentional use of force or power on self or against a person or a group that results in harm, injury or death. Going by this definition, himsa denotes both physical and mental violence perpetrated on self or others.
Any individual who harbors severe judgment, anger, rage, envy, and/or negativity toward self or others is committing himsa or violence at the level of the mind and intellect. If we harbor negative emotions such as disappointment, resentment, or guilt or when we feel shame, we are subtly creating mental and emotional violence. Mental and emotional himsa manifest themselves into corresponding thoughts, words, and actions, thus exerting control over one’s life. You may feel uncertain of the world around you and unsafe in your own home. This destroys intimate relationships, friendships, and even your own relationship with yourself.
How Mental/Emotional Violence Affects Health
Mental violence (see Neurobiology of aggression and violence) (1) has profound effects on the health of an individual, and studies have shown that:
- Victims experience depression, feelings of low self-esteem and helplessness coupled with somatic complaints.
- Victims experience serious psychological disturbances, including panic disorders, phobias, anxieties, and depression that may last for several years.
- For victims, the ability to trust and to form emotional attachments is severely impacted.
The thalamus is the region of the brain that senses negative influences and relays sensory and motor signals to the rest of the body for an action to be taken. When you think negative thoughts, the thalamus assumes that it needs to prepare the body to flee. As a result, our bodies experience real stress symptoms of rapid heartbeat, elevated blood pressure, and a state of heightened arousal. This stimulates the release of cortisol, the main stress hormone, which has numerous effects, including creating inflammation.
This is, in part, responsible for uncomfortable symptoms you experience when you are very stressed, such as feeling physically sick. Constantly harboring negativity thus puts your mind in a constant state of stress, which results in negative effects on health and wellbeing. So, himsa may not damage the brain and body directly, but the consequences of himsa can cause a domino effect.
Himsa is a choice, and it is preventable. Ahimsa (nonviolence) is the opposite of himsa and refers to a natural inner peace and a non-harming attitude. Individuals practicing mental non-violence have given up on their hostilities, ill will or aggression. Violent tendencies are replaced with kindness, acceptance, and love. Practicing mental nonviolence on oneself helps to cultivate empathy and compassion toward others. Individuals who always experience natural inner peace and a non-harming attitude and who have given up on their hostilities, ill will or aggression are practicing ahimsa.
How to Use Yogic Principles to Generate Ahimsa
Practicing pratipaksha bhavana (cultivating the opposite) is one of the solutions to transform mental non-violence. Pratipaksha bhavanam promotes redirection of negative thoughts to positive ones. We need to recognize that the negativity in the mind may be impacting the balance of our lives in a counterproductive way. To transform that negativity requires awareness followed by various ways to transform that negative influence.
The other method is cultivating positive attitudes as recommended in Yoga Sutra 1.33:
“By cultivating attitudes of friendliness toward the happy, compassion for the unhappy, delight in the virtuous, and disregard toward the wicked, the mind-stuff retains its undisturbed calmness.”